# How to Teach Top, Middle, and Bottom with MathSkills4Kids's Video | Lesson Plan

• Do you want to help your students develop their spatial awareness and vocabulary skills? Do you want to make learning the spatial concepts of top, middle, and bottom fun and interactive? If so, then this lesson plan is for you!

In this lesson plan, you will use a video from the mathskills4kids YouTube Channel to teach your students how to identify and compare the positions of objects in relation to each other using the words top, middle, and bottom. You will also use some activities and games to reinforce the concept and assess their understanding.

## Why This Lesson Plan Is Great for Kids

This lesson plan is great for kids because it:

• It helps them learn essential math skills such as spatial awareness, geometry, and measurement.
• It helps them learn new vocabulary words, such as top, middle, and bottom, and how to use them in sentences.
• It helps them develop their listening, speaking, and comprehension skills by watching and discussing the video.
• It helps them practice their fine motor skills by manipulating objects and drawing pictures.
• It helps them have fun and enjoy learning math by playing games and sharing their work.
• Grade Level: Pre-K | Kindergarten

Duration: 20 - 30 minutes

Objectives: By the end of this lesson, students will be able to:

• Identify the position of an object in relation to another object using the words top, middle, and bottom.
• Compare the positions of two or more objects using the words top, middle, and bottom.
• Use the words top, middle, and bottom in sentences to describe the position of objects.
• Demonstrate their understanding of the concept of position by completing activities and games.
• ### Previous knowledge

Before attending this lesson, students should know how to:

• Recognize and name common shapes, objects, and animals.
• Follow simple instructions and directions.
• Work cooperatively with others.

### Materials

For this lesson, you will need:

• A computer or a projector to show the video from mathskills4kids.com (https://youtu.be/edsrNp0D43g)
• A whiteboard or a chart paper to write the words top, middle, and bottom.
• Some objects of different shapes and sizes, such as blocks, balls, books, etc. (enough for each student or pair of students to have at least three objects)
• Some paper and crayons or markers for each student or pair of students.

• ### Introduce the lesson

To introduce the lesson, you can:

• Ask the students if they know what position means. Explain that position is where something is located or placed in relation to something else.
• Ask the students what top, middle, and bottom mean. Explain that these are words we use to describe the position of objects. For example, we can say that a ball is on top of a book, a book is in the middle of a stack of books, or a block is at the bottom of a pile of blocks.
• Write the top, middle, and bottom words on the board or chart paper. Ask the students to repeat them after you. Point to each word as you say it. Ask the students to point to each word as you say it.
• ### Warm-up

To warm up the students for the lesson, you can:

• Show them some objects of different shapes and sizes. Ask them to identify the shape and color of each object. For example, you can say, "What shape is this?" or "What color is this?"
• Arrange some objects in different positions on a table or the floor. Ask the students to describe the position of each object using the words top, middle, and bottom. For example, you can say, "Where is the ball?" or "Where is the book?" Please encourage them to use complete sentences. For example, they can say, "The ball is on top of the book" or "The book is in the middle of the table."
• Praise the students for their answers. Correct any mistakes gently.
• ### Introducing the concept

To introduce the concept of position using top, middle, and bottom, you can:

• Tell the students they will watch a video from mathskills4kids.com that will teach them more about position using top, middle, and bottom. Tell them they must pay attention to what they see and hear in the video.
• Show them the video from the mathskills4kids channel (https://youtu.be/edsrNp0D43g). Pause the video at specific points to ask questions or check comprehension. For example, you can pause after each example and ask, "What position is this?" or "How do you know?" You can pause after each question and ask the students to answer before showing the answer. For example, you can pause after the question "Which shape is at the bottom?" and ask the students to say the answer before showing it.
• After the video, review the main points with the students. Ask them to recall what they learned from the video. For example, you can ask, "What words do we use to describe the position of objects?" or "How do we compare the positions of two or more objects?" Write their answers on the board or chart paper. Praise them for their responses. Correct any errors gently.
• ### Activities and games to practice top/middle/bottom positions

To reinforce and practice the concept of position using top, middle, and bottom, you can:

• Divide the students into pairs or small groups. Give each pair or group objects of different shapes and sizes, some paper, and some crayons or markers. Tell them they will create their own examples of position using top, middle, and bottom. They can use the objects to arrange them in different positions on the paper. They can also draw pictures of objects in different positions on the paper. They should write a sentence describing each object's position using the words top, middle, and bottom. For example, they can write, "The circle is on top of the square" or "The triangle is in the middle of the rectangle."
• Give them some time to work on their examples. Monitor their progress and provide feedback as needed. Help them with spelling or grammar if necessary.
• Ask them to share their examples with the class when they are done. Have them show their paper and read their sentences aloud. Ask the other students to comment on their examples. For example, they can say, "I like your example," or "Your example is correct," or "Your example is different from mine." Praise them for their work and creativity.
• ### Group Sharing

To encourage group sharing and reflection, you can:

• Ask the students to sit in a circle. Tell them they will share what they learned from this lesson. Ask them to think of one thing they learned or liked about this lesson. Give them some time to think.
• Go around the circle and ask each student to share their answer. For example, they can say, "I learned how to use top, middle, and bottom to describe position," or "I liked watching the video," or "I liked making my own examples." Praise them for their answers. Repeat their answers and summarize them for the class.
• Thank them for sharing, and tell them that they did a great job.
• ### Conclusion

To conclude the lesson, you can:

• Review the main points of the lesson with the students. Ask them to recall what they learned from this lesson. For example, you can ask, "What words do we use to describe position?" or "How do we compare position?" Write their answers on the board or chart paper. Praise them for their responses. Correct any errors gently.
• Tell them they have learned how to identify and compare positions using top, middle, and bottom. Tell them this is an essential skill that will help them in math and life.
• Tell them they can practice this skill at home or in other settings by looking at different objects and describing their position using the top, middle, and bottom. Give them examples of objects they can use at home or in other settings, such as toys, books, furniture, etc.
• They can also watch more videos from mathskills4kids.com to learn more about math concepts and skills.
• Congratulations on completing this lesson, and tell them you are proud of them.

### ✨ Assessment

To assess the students' understanding of position using top, middle, and bottom, you can:

• Give each student a worksheet with pictures of objects in different positions. Ask them to write a sentence describing each object's position using the top, middle, and bottom. For example, they can write, "The star is at the top of the tree" or "The car is in the middle of the road."
• Collect their worksheets and check their answers. Give them feedback on their performance. Praise them for their correct answers. Help them with their mistakes if needed.

🌈 Have fun teaching and learning about the positions top, middle, and bottom! Remember, you're doing an amazing job, teachers! 🎉 For more math videos and resources, visit our website at https://mathskills4kids.com/. 🌟

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